These found poems are drawn from interviews with elderly citizens of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation recorded in 1937-38 as part of the Indian-Pioneer History Project sponsored by the federal Works Progress Administration and archived at the Oklahoma Historical Society and the University of Oklahoma. You can read more about this project at Tribal College and Reckoning. —Eds.

a woman will have a hard time during the childbirth period if she stands in the door lies across the bed or eats of the chicken gizzard if a pregnant woman for at least four months before delivery takes internally as a tea and bathes in the water in which the slippery elm and cottonwood barks have been boiled the labor will not be difficult nor of long duration a mud daubers nest placed in warm water and dissolved and taken internally also helps to make a quicker delivery during childbirth the tongue of a mockingbird fed to a small infant will cause the child to grow up to be an imitator in everything the toes of a quail scratched on the feet of a baby in infancy will tend to make the child grow up fast and nimble the toes of a lizard scratched upon the feet of a baby is believed to cause the child to become a good and alert climber a young boy or young man who eats the chicken gizzard will be thirsty for water during the war time when he is in battle Monie Coker, b. ca. 1871

JAMES TREAT is the author of Around the Sacred Fire: Native Religious Activism in the Red Power Era and the editor of several volumes of native literature. His essays and poems have appeared in American Indian Culture and Research Journal, American Quarterly, Contemporary Verse 2, Cultural Survival Quarterly, Fourth Genre, Indian Country Today, Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment, Muscogee Nation News, Native Americas, Orion, Studies in American Indian Literature, Tribal College Journal, Verbatim Found Poetry, and other academic and literary journals. Treat is an enrolled citizen of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. More information about his work is available at his website.